The root word Dict you can find just about anywhere in our everyday language. Some of the more common uses of DICT appear in words such as “Dictionary”, “Dictator”, or “Diction”. Today I will be going over many words with the root DICT.
Dictionary(N): A book containing a selection of the words of a language, usually arranged alphabetically, giving information about their meanings, pronunciations, etymologies, inflected forms, etc.
-Ex) John had to use a dictionary to look up a word that he was not familiar about.
Diction(N): Style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words.
-Ex) A speaker must have excellent diction to have the listeners understand
Dictator(V): To say or read (something) aloud for another person to transcribe or for a machine to record
-Ex) Joe had to dictate his old letters to save room around the house by putting them all on audio files.
Addict(V): A person who is addicted to an activity, habit, or substance.
-Ex) The gambling addict spent all day and all his money in the casino's trying to get lucky.
Contradiction(V): To assert the contrary or opposite of; deny directly and categorically.
-Ex) It's a contradiction to say he's good in math, but failed algebra
Predict(V): To declare or tell in advance; prophesy; foretell.
-I predicted that the water would turn blue after adding the blue dye to it.
Verdict(N): The finding or answer of a jury given to the court concerning a matter submitted to their judgment.
-Ex) The jury came to the verdict that he was guilty of murder in the second degree.
Malediction(N): A curse; imprecation.
-Ex) The poor boy couldn't shake the malediction that was put upon him by the old witch.
Indict(V): To bring a formal accusation against, as a means of bringing to trial
-Ex) I can indict you on the information I have so far.
Indictment(N): A formal accusation initiating a criminal case, presented by a grand jury and usually required for felonies and other serious crimes.
-Ex) In the common legal system, an indictment is a formal accusation that a person has committed a criminal offense.
Indicative(ADJ): Showing, signifying, or pointing out
-Ex) The high school senior was very indicative about showing all the new students where everything was.
Dictum(N): An authoritative pronouncement.
-Ex) A guard delivered a dictum that all prisoners would be quiet.
Benediction(N): An utterance of good wishes.
-Ex) Saying “bless you” when someone sneezes is a benediction.
Valediction(N): An act of bidding farewell or taking leave.
-Ex) The man gave his wife a valediction before he left for his 9 month journey in Iraq.
Edict(N): A decree issued by a sovereign or other authority.
-Ex) In 1992, Pope John Paul II lifted the edict of inquisition against Galileo