Tuesday, February 2, 2010

Greek Roots

The root words that I am about to share with you are the roots GEO- and ICHTHY-and PALEO-. I chose these three words based on my knowledge and my drive in the science field. To start out the root GEO- in Greek means earth and the root ICHTHY- in Greek means fish and with PALEO- in Greek means old. So in this blog I will not only give several words including these roots but I will give a definition and an example sentence.

GEO- Earth

Geocentric: having or representing the earth as a center.
Ex: During the Dark Ages many theologians produced a geocentric theory that all the stars went around the Earth.

Geology: the science that deals with the dynamics and physical history of the earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the physical, chemical, and biological changes that the earth has undergone or is undergoing.
Ex: Before Darwin wrote his theory of evolution Charles Lyell was the leading person in the field of geology forming many of the techniques that we still use today.

Geography: the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth's surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land use, industries, or states, and of the unit areas formed by the complex of these individual elements.
Ex: The study of geography is still a fairly new science field since it was only brought about in the past 200 years.

Geothermal: of or pertaining to the internal heat of the earth.
Ex: Researchers are now trying to find a way to incorporate geothermal wells to heats houses because it would be cheaper and more efficient.


Ichthyology: the branch of zoology dealing with fishes.
Ex: The student went to the University of Florida to get his degree in ichthyology and marine biology.

Osteichthyes: skeletal fish.
Ex: The new species of fish was given the name Rocky based on the fact that he was an osteichhyes.

Chondrichthyes: cartilaginous fish.
Ex: Many fish including sharks are classified as chondrichthyes due to the fact that they have no solid skeleton.

Paleo- Old

Paleolithic: pertaining to an early age before the Stone Age.
Ex: The age when the dinosaurs ruled could be considered as paleolithic because there were no homo sapiens.

Paleomagnetism: magnetic polarization acquired by the minerals in a rock at the time the rock was deposited or solidified.
Ex: There are many rocks that when they are formed had paleomagnitism because of the atoms running through them.

Paleontology: the science of the forms of life existing in former geologic periods, as represented by their fossils.
Ex: Georges Cuvier is considered to be the father of paleontology because he discovered many fossils around his living space in Paris, France.

Paleozoic: noting or pertaining to an era occurring between 570 million and 230 million years ago, characterized by the advent of fish, insects, and reptiles.
Ex: The Paleozoic era was a very dangerous time since there was no way of knowing what the Earth was like back then.


No comments:

Post a Comment